What Is The Difference Between Substance Use Disorder And Addiction?

What is a substance abuse disorder?

Overview.

Drug addiction, also called substance use disorder, is a disease that affects a person’s brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication.

Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine also are considered drugs..

What qualifies as an addiction?

The strictest definition of addiction refers to a disease resulting from changes in brain chemistry caused by compulsive use of drugs or alcohol. The definition includes excessive use that damages health, relationships, jobs and other parts of normal life.

What is addiction in simple words?

An addiction is an urge to do something that is hard to control or stop. If you use cigarettes, alcohol, or drugs like marijuana (weed), cocaine, and heroin, you could become addicted to them. They can really hurt you and could even kill you.

Who can diagnose substance use disorder?

Diagnosing drug addiction (substance use disorder) requires a thorough evaluation and often includes an assessment by a psychiatrist, a psychologist, or a licensed alcohol and drug counselor. Blood, urine or other lab tests are used to assess drug use, but they’re not a diagnostic test for addiction.

How does the DSM define addiction?

People with addiction (severe substance use disorder) have an intense focus on using a certain substance(s), such as alcohol or drugs, to the point that it takes over their life. They keep using alcohol or a drug even when they know it will cause problems.

What is the difference between substance abuse and substance use disorder?

The APA ditched both “substance abuse” and “substance dependence” in favor of “substance use disorder.” Substance use disorder is now the medical term for addiction. Previously, abuse was a mild form of addiction, and dependence was a moderate or severe form of addiction.

Does the DSM 5 distinguish between substance use and substance dependence?

The DSM-5 also makes a couple of changes to the diagnostic criteria for SUDs and adds a disorder not involving substance use to the chapter, Gambling Disorder. In so doing, the new edition has removed the terms “abuse” and “dependence” and has included the term “addiction” for the first time.

What is the most serious form of addiction?

Addiction can come in the form of any substance or behavior. The most well-known and serious addiction is to drugs and alcohol. Nearly 1 in 10 Americans have an addiction to both. Of the people with a drug addiction, more than two-thirds also abuse alcohol.

What four symptoms must you meet to be diagnosed with a substance use disorder?

Criteria for Substance Use DisordersTaking the substance in larger amounts or for longer than you’re meant to.Wanting to cut down or stop using the substance but not managing to.Spending a lot of time getting, using, or recovering from use of the substance.Cravings and urges to use the substance.More items…

What are the four C’s of addiction?

These four factors, compulsion, craving, consequences and control, are unique to addiction alone and are classified as the 4 C’s.

What is the DSM 5 criteria for substance use disorder?

DSM-5 criteria for substance use disorder impaired control. social impairment. risky use. pharmacological indicators (tolerance and withdrawal).

A person’s genes, the action of the drug, peer pressure, emotional distress, anxiety, depression, and environmental stress can all be factors. Many who develop a substance use problem have depression, attention deficit disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, or another mental problem.

Is addiction in the DSM?

However, addiction is not a specific diagnosis in the fifth edition of The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)—a diagnostic manual for clinicians that contains descriptions and symptoms of all mental disorders classified by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).