Quick Answer: What Are The 4 Types Of Malnutrition?

What are the types of malnutrition diseases?

DeficienciesCalcium.

Osteoporosis.

Rickets.

Tetany.Iodine deficiency.

Goiter.Selenium deficiency.

Keshan disease.Iron deficiency.

Iron deficiency anemia.Zinc.

Growth retardation.Thiamine (Vitamin B1) Beriberi.Niacin (Vitamin B3) Pellagra.Vitamin C.

Scurvy.More items….

What is the most common form of malnutrition?

There are two main types of undernutrition: protein-energy malnutrition and dietary deficiencies. Protein-energy malnutrition has two severe forms: marasmus (a lack of protein and calories) and kwashiorkor (a lack of just protein). Common micronutrient deficiencies include: a lack of iron, iodine, and vitamin A.

What is malnutrition explain?

Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions.

What happens to your body when you are malnourished?

Typical adverse effects of malnutrition include: reduced muscle and tissue mass, decreased mobility and stamina as a result of muscle wasting, … difficulty staying warm as a result of having less muscle and tissue mass, increasing the risk of hypothermia (the inability to maintain normal body temperature), and.

How does malnutrition affect the brain?

Brain: Nutrient deficiencies may speed up the rate at which your brain loses neurons, which can impair your speech, coordination, and memory. 10. Kidneys: A deficiency of fluids and electrolytes can cause your kidneys to overwork and affect their ability to function.

What is an example of malnutrition?

Key facts. Malnutrition, in all its forms, includes undernutrition (wasting, stunting, underweight), inadequate vitamins or minerals, overweight, obesity, and resulting diet-related noncommunicable diseases. 1.9 billion adults are overweight or obese, while 462 million are underweight.

What is malnutrition and types of malnutrition?

Malnutrition is a group of conditions in children and adults generally related to poor quality or insufficient quantity of nutrient intake, absorption, or utilization. There are two major types of malnutrition: Protein-energy malnutrition – resulting from deficiencies in any or all nutrients.

How do I know if I’m malnourished?

Some signs and symptoms of malnutrition include: a lack of appetite or interest in food or drink. tiredness and irritability. an inability to concentrate.

What is the main treatment for malnutrition?

Dietary changes are the main treatment for malnutrition. If you’re undernourished, you may need to increase the nutritional content of your food, with or without taking nutritional supplements.

What are the first signs of starvation?

Characteristic symptoms of starvation include:shrinkage of such vital organs as the heart, lungs, ovaries, or testes, and gradual loss of their functions.chronic diarrhea.anemia.reduction in muscle mass and consequent weakness.lowered body temperature combined with extreme sensitivity to cold.More items…

What is the best vitamin for malnutrition?

Niacin (vitamin B-3) deficiency Niacin is another mineral that helps the body convert food into energy. It’s also known as vitamin B-3. A severe deficiency in niacin is often referred to as pellagra. Niacin is found in most animal proteins but also in peanuts.

What is severe malnutrition?

Inpatient treatment of severe acute malnutrition Severe acute malnutrition is defined by a very low weight for height (below -3z scores of the median WHO growth standards), by visible severe wasting, or by the presence of nutritional oedema.